Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

Welcome to the Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) page of Invertek Energy! Whether you’re considering the purchase of one of our products or you’re already an esteemed customer, this section is designed to assist you in navigating through your queries with ease. Our goal is to empower you with the information you need to make informed decisions about our range of energy solutions, including UPS systems, inverters, batteries, and solar energy products.

Maximum Power Point Tracking (MPPT) is a sophisticated technology used in UPS systems and inverters, particularly integrated with solar panels. It helps maximize the efficiency of solar energy conversion by optimizing the match between the solar array (photovoltaic panels) and the battery bank or electrical grid. MPPT continuously adjusts the electrical operating points of the solar modules to ensure the maximum possible power is extracted from the solar panels at any given time. This optimization improves the overall efficiency of the solar power system, making MPPT an essential feature for enhancing the performance of hybrid solar inverters and ensuring effective utilization of renewable energy sources.

The main advantage of MPPT charge controllers is that they increase the charging efficiency and power output of solar systems. They do this by ensuring that the solar panels operate at their optimal power point throughout the day, resulting in faster battery charging, improved performance even in low-light conditions, and maximum utilization of available solar energy.

MPPT (Maximum Power Point Tracking) technology offers a range of significant benefits, especially for off-grid solar systems and hybrid inverters. The main advantage of MPPT charge controllers is that they increase the charging efficiency and power output of solar systems. They do this by ensuring that the solar panels operate at their optimal power point throughout the day, resulting in faster battery charging, improved performance even in low-light conditions, and maximum utilization of available solar energy.

MPPT controllers are particularly beneficial in varying light conditions and are suitable for larger setups. They offer a more efficient alternative to PWM controllers, especially in colder climates, where they can better adjust to the increase in voltage output from solar panels.

In addition, MPPT technology can help save on energy costs by reducing the amount of energy required from non-renewable sources. This makes it an environmentally and economically advantageous choice.

A Solar Hybrid PCU (Power Conditioning Unit) is an advanced technology that efficiently manages and utilizes solar energy to power electrical appliances. It intelligently integrates solar power with grid electricity, ensuring a seamless transition between the two sources based on availability and requirement. This device features a solar inverter and a charge controller within a single system, enabling the conversion of solar energy into usable AC power while simultaneously charging the connected battery bank. Many models include Maximum Power Point Tracking (MPPT) technology, which enhances the efficiency of solar power collection by optimizing the match between the solar panels and the load. Solar Hybrid PCUs are suitable for both residential and commercial settings, providing a reliable, eco-friendly, and cost-effective power supply solution by maximizing the use of solar energy and reducing dependency on the grid.

Lithium-ion batteries power many of our everyday devices, from smartphones to electric cars. They work by moving lithium ions between two electrodes: a positive electrode called the cathode and a negative one known as the anode. These movements happen through a liquid or gel-like substance called an electrolyte. When you charge a lithium-ion battery, lithium ions move from the cathode to the anode, storing energy in the process. Then, when you use the battery to power something, the ions travel back to the cathode, releasing the stored energy as electricity. This process is efficient and can be repeated many times, making lithium-ion batteries a reliable source of power for a wide range of electronic devices. Their ability to hold a lot of energy in a small space and recharge repeatedly makes them especially popular in today’s technology-driven world.

An Online UPS (Uninterruptible Power Supply) is a type of UPS system that provides the highest level of power protection by continuously converting incoming AC power into filtered DC power, and then reconverting it back to AC power. This double-conversion process ensures a constant, clean, and uninterrupted power supply to connected equipment, protecting them from all forms of power disturbances, such as surges, spikes, brownouts, and blackouts. Ideal for sensitive and critical devices, Online UPS systems deliver seamless power, with no transfer time in the event of a power outage.

ATC in the context of UPS refers to Automatic Temperature Compensation. It is a feature designed to enhance the performance and extend the lifespan of batteries within UPS (Uninterruptible Power Supplies) systems. This technology adjusts the charging voltage of the battery based on its temperature, ensuring that the battery is not overcharged or undercharged due to temperature fluctuations. By maintaining optimal charging conditions, ATC helps in maximizing battery efficiency and longevity, contributing to the reliability and effectiveness of UPS systems in providing stable power supply.

A Pure Sine Wave Inverter is a device that converts Direct Current (DC) from batteries or other DC sources into Alternating Current (AC), which is similar to the AC power supplied by utility companies. The conversion process creates a smooth and consistent wave, similar to a sine wave, which is perfect for running sensitive electronic devices such as laptops, microwaves, laser printers, and medical equipment. Pure sine wave inverters ensure that these devices operate efficiently without the risk of damage

Pulse width modulation reduces the average power delivered by an electrical signal by converting the signal into discrete parts. In the PWM technique, the signal’s energy is distributed through a series of pulses rather than a continuously varying (analogue) signal.

Galvanic isolation transformers are crucial components in Uninterruptible Power Supply (UPS) systems that help in enhancing the quality of power and ensuring the safety of connected devices. They provide a physical and electrical barrier between the input and output power circuits, preventing direct current flow between two parts of the system. This, in turn, protects against electric shocks, reduces electrical noise, and mitigates the risk of damage from fault currents. The isolation transformer also facilitates safe power transfer between circuits with different voltage levels, ensuring that sensitive equipment operates smoothly without interference. Overall, isolation transformers are essential in UPS systems, especially in environments where power quality and equipment safety are of utmost importance.

IGBT (Insulated Gate Bipolar Transistor) is a critical component in modern Uninterruptible Power Supply (UPS) systems, especially in those with capacities exceeding 3KVA. It combines the easy control of MOSFETs with the high-current capability of bipolar transistors, enhancing UPS efficiency, reliability, and performance. IGBT technology allows for faster switching speeds and high efficiency by reducing energy losses during power conversion processes. This results in a more stable power supply and better protection for connected devices against power disturbances. IGBT-based UPS systems are ideal for demanding applications that require reliable power protection because of their quick response and robust transient suppression.

AH (Ampere-Hour) is defined as the capacity of a battery. The AH defines how much energy a battery can deliver.Technically it is defined as the backup time provided by the battery according the amount of the current drawn.

Eg. If a battery has the rating of 12V/100AH, then if 100 Ampere amount of current is drawn from the battery it will provide backup time of one hour. If the current drawn is reduced to 50 A, then it will provide backup for 2 hours.

“Kilo” is a metric prefix meaning “thousand.” In electrical terms, when applied to volts and watts, it signifies a thousand times the base unit.

Kilovolt (kV): One kilovolt equals 1,000 volts. It’s a measure of electrical potential. For example, high-voltage power lines might operate at 110 kV, meaning they carry electricity at 110,000 volts.
Kilowatt (kW): One kilowatt equals 1,000 watts, which measures power or the rate of energy conversion. For instance, a small electric heater might use 1.5 kW, consuming 1,500 watts of power when operating.
In summary, “kilo-” increases the scale of volts and watts to thousands, indicating higher capacity or intensity in electrical contexts.

The unit of measuring A.C. power is VA and the unit of measuring D.C. power is Watts. The relation between Watt and VA is;
Watts = VA x Power Factor

The transfer of the supply is been done from mains to battery according to the mains failure and mains arrival. The time taken to transfer the load’s supply is known as transfer time (changeover time). Inverter has a changeover time of more than 20 milliseconds.

  • According to surveys conducted in the United States, the majority of households experienced good returns on investment within 10 years of installation.
  • Solar panels are quick and simple to install.
  • In 30 years, a typical isolated solar system in your home can cut CO2 emissions by 100 tonnes.
  • The average solar panel has a warranty of 25 years, while the linked solar inverter has a warranty of at least 2 years.
  • Solar energy is less expensive than fossil fuels.